Hand, foot and mouth disease is one of the common infectious diseases caused by enteroviruses. It is more common in summer and autumn. It occurs more than 5 years old in infants and young children. It can cause fever and papules and ulcers in the hands, feet, and mouth. Fatal complications such as myocarditis, pulmonary edema, and aseptic meningoencephalitis.
1. The main symptoms of hand-foot-mouth disease
With hand, foot and mouth disease, the most typical manifestation is fever. Macular papules or herpes appear on the hands, feet, and hips, and ulcers can appear in the mouth.
The first symptom of the child is low fever, often accompanied by loss of appetite, general malaise, sore throat, fever and oral mucosal ulcers and rash after 1 to 2 days. The process of ulcers is erythema at the beginning, and then the blisters develop Children with ulcers often refuse to eat because of pain; the process of the rash is maculopapular rash at the beginning, and then it turns to herpes without itchiness. Some children may only show rashes or oral ulcers without fever.
Most patients generally have mild symptoms and can heal themselves in about 7 days without special treatment. Only a very small number of patients may have complications such as myocarditis, pulmonary edema, pulmonary hemorrhage, aseptic meningoencephalitis, etc. In severe cases, death may occur. But if you can find early treatment as soon as possible, it can usually be cured.
2. The spread of hand, foot and mouth disease
Hand-foot-and-mouth disease virus is an enterovirus, which is only deposited in the human body. Some people who have been infected with enterovirus have symptoms such as fever and rash, and some people have no symptoms. Regardless of whether symptoms occur, people infected with enteroviruses are infectious. Viruses are present in the stools, respiratory secretions, and herpes fluids of infected persons. Contact with feces, respiratory secretions, and herpes fluids of infected persons may cause infection .
The main transmission routes are:
(1) Drinking or eating water or food contaminated with viruses;
(2) Close contact with infected persons can cause infection through droplets discharged from their coughing and sneezing;
(3) Children come into contact with household items such as towels, handkerchiefs, dental appliances, toys, tableware and other items contaminated with viruses.
3. The main points of treatment of hand, foot and mouth disease
If you have a child with hand, foot and mouth disease, you should do:
(1) Sick children’s daily utensils should be disinfected. Pacifiers, feeding bottles, tableware, towels and other items should be soaked in hot water of more than 50 degrees for 30 minutes or boiled for 3 minutes; toys, tables and chairs, clothing and potty etc. use disinfectant according to the instructions Clean every day.
(2) Caregivers should wash their hands before touching a child, after changing a diaper, or after handling a child ’s feces; open windows frequently; pay attention not to let sick children touch other children; if children in kindergarten get sick, they should tell the teacher And do n’t worry about letting your child go to kindergarten. You should go after a week when all the symptoms disappear, to prevent the infection of other children.
4. How to use Caych hand sanitizer?
We know that adults can also be infected with hand-foot-and-mouth disease virus, but adults are more resistant and less ill, but they will become virus carriers and may be transmitted to children. Therefore, it is necessary to do a good job of cleaning the home environment, and the use of professional sterilization and disinfection daily necessities can help you effectively kill bacteria in the details. The use of Caych hand sanitizer is very simple. You can use it for some cuts, scrapes, skin cleaning and disinfection; home cleaning and disinfection includes kitchen countertops, floors, bathrooms, furniture surfaces, etc., you can use it to disinfect and sterilize; When adding Caych hand sanitizer, it can effectively kill bacteria hidden in clothing.